Air Laying

A method of forming a web (or batt) of staple fibres in which the fibres are dispersed into an air stream and condensed from the air stream on to a permeable cage or conveyor.

Air Permeability

Air permeability is defined as the porosity of a fabric as estimated by the ease with which air passes through it. Air permeability measures the warmth of blankets, the air resistance of parachute cloth, the wind resistance of sailcloth, etc. as measured on standard testing equipment.


A lightweight, plain weave fabric traditionally of wool or wool blends with a napped, fleecy surface. So named because the texture resembles the breast of an albatross. Usually, light in colour, used in infant’s wear and sleepwear.

Albert Cloth

Albert cloth is a type of wool double cloth which is reversible with different colours on front and back . It is usually used to make coats. Faces and backs may vary in colour and pattern. Provides additional warmth and body.


Alcantara is a covering microfibre material manufactured and marketed by Alcantara S.p.A. It is primarily used in design, fashion, accessories, consumer electronics, automotive and marine industries. Alcantara is composed of about 68% polyester and 32% polyurethane, giving increased durability and stain resistance. The appearance and tactile feel of the material is similar to that of suede, and it may be…

Alencon Lace

Alencon Lace is a needle lace produced in Alençon in northwestern France. A needlepoint lace on a fine net ground characterized by a heavy thread (cordonnet) outlining the design. Usually, it is machine-made but sometimes the cordonnet is inserted by hand.  


Algaecide is a chemical substance for killing and preventing the growth of algae. Algae are a diverse group of aquatic organisms that have the ability to conduct photosynthesis. Certain algae are familiar to most people; for instance, seaweeds (such as kelp or phytoplankton), pond scum or the algal blooms in lakes. However, there exists a vast and varied world of algae that are not only helpful to us, but…

Alginate (fibre)

A term used to describe fibres composed of metallic salts of alginic acid. Alginate fibres are made from sodium alginate, which is a natural polymer extracted from brown seaweeds. Over the last two decades, alginate fibers have become well established in the wound management industry where their ion‐exchange and gel‐forming abilities are particularly useful for the treatment of exuding wounds. In…


The product of the interaction of purified cellulose. Note: in the manufacturing of viscose fibres, the cellulose may be cotton linters or wood-pulp. After pressing, alkali-cellulose usually contains approximately 30% of cellulose and 15% of sodium hydroxide, the remainder being water. During the steeping of the cellulose in sodium hydroxide (18-20% wjw) to form the alkali-cellulose, soluble impurities, including soluble…


The area between the breaker carding and finisher carding machines in which the alley tender works.

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