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Air Laying

A method of forming a web (or batt) of staple fibres in which the fibres are dispersed into an air stream and condensed from the air stream on to a permeable cage or conveyor.

Air Permeability

The porosity of a fabric as estimated by the ease with which air passes through it. Air permeability measures the warmth of blankets, the air resistance of parachute cloth, the wind resistance of sailcloth, etc. as measured on standard testing equipment.

Albatross

A lightweight, plain weave fabric traditionally of wool or wool blends with a napped, fleecy surface. So named because the texture resembles the breast of an albatross. Usually, light in colour, used in infant’s wear and sleepwear.

Albert Cloth

It has a double layer of wool and is reversible. Faces and backs may vary in colour and pattern. Provides additional warmth and body.

Alcantara

Alcantara is a covering microfibre material manufactured and marketed by Alcantara S.p.A. It is primarily used in the design, fashion, accessories, consumer electronics, automotive and marine industries. Alcantara is composed of about 68% polyester and 32% polyurethane, giving increased durability and stain resistance. The appearance and tactile feel of the material is similar to that of suede, and it may…

Alencon Lace

A needlepoint lace on a fine net ground characterised by a heavy thread (cordonnet) outlining the design. Usually, machine-made but sometimes the cordonnet is inserted by hand.

Alginate (fibre)

A term used to describe fibres composed of metallic salts of alginic acid.

Alkali-Cellulose

The product of the interaction of purified cellulose. Note: in the manufacturing of viscose fibres, the cellulose may be cotton linters or wood-pulp. After pressing, alkali-cellulose usually contains approximately 30% of cellulose and 15% of sodium hydroxide, the remainder being water. During the steeping of the cellulose in sodium hydroxide (18-20% wjw) to form the alkali-cellulose, soluble impurities, including soluble…

Alley

The area between the breaker carding and finisher carding machines in which the alley tender works.

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