Abrasion Resistance

The degree by which a fabric is able to withstand the loss of appearance through surface wear, rubbing, chafing, and other frictional actions. The resistance of materials and structures to abrasion can be measured by a variety of test methods. Abrasion resistance is an important parameter in silk fabrics due to the fine structure of the silk filaments. There are many methods of abrasion-resistance tests,…


The ability of the fabric to absorb and retain the moisture within its structure. Absorbency is a very important property, which affects many other characteristics, such as skin comfort, static build-up, shrinkage, stain removal, water repellency, and wrinkle recovery.


Additional ornamentation to an outfit; accompany the garment in order to create a certain look/image. (shoes, jewelry etc.). A fashion accessory is an item used to contribute, in a secondary manner, to the wearer’s outfit, often used to complete an outfit and chosen to specifically complement the wearer’s look.


Acetate, one of the first manufactured fibers that has a soft and crisp feel. The second oldest manufactured fiber in the U.S. after rayon, acetate was first used in France as an airplane wing varnish and later developed as a fiber in the U.K. in 1923. It has the lustrous appearance of silk and excellent durability. It is not a strong…

Acid Dye

The Acid Dye is an anionic dye characterized by substantiality for protein and polyamide fibers and usually applied from an acidic or neutral dye bath. Any of a class of dyes containing one or more acidic groups, as the sulfo group: used in acid solution chiefly for dyeing wool and silk.


Acrylic is a manufactured fibers of acrylonitrile. It is a durable fiber with a soft, woolly feel. It has an uneven surface making it different from most manufactured fibers. It comes in a variety of colors and can be dyed easily. It is resistant to sun and chemicals.

Acrylic Coated

A fabric which has been coated, generally on the back with acrylic resin to make it water-proof or dawn proof.  A safe and eco-friendly alternative, acrylic-coating has better stain repellent qualities than PVC, is machine-washable, and is foldable without leaving marks on the fabric.


A black woolen fabric with a very long nape. It is coarse and heavy. When stretched the fibres tighten and become water resistant. There are two seperate catagories, Heat Bondable and Non Heat Bondable: both can be freely added in small quantities to give sparkling highlights. Both types work well in combination in small amounts with other fibres either handspun, wet felting…

Ahimsa silk

An alternative, non-harmful method of producing silk. Silk is woven by making use of empty cocoons rather than harvesting live moth pupae. Cultivated on forest trees, the silk is spun after the silkworm metamorphoses into a moth and flies away leaving its cocoon. Ahimsa silk derives its name from the Hindu, Buddhist and Jain doctrine of peace and non-violence.


Metal-tagged laces that replace the sewn ones, to attach the breeches to the doublet. Aiguillettes are ornaments on some military and naval uniforms, consisting of braided loops hanging from the shoulder and on dress uniforms ending in points that resemble pencils.

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