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Face Finished Fabrics

Fabrics which have surface treatments that provide a variety of looks and effects on the fabric surface. Finishing processes include preparatory treatments used before additional treatment to enhance appearance and treatments adding properties to enhance performance. These include brushing, sanding, sueding, preshrinking etc. The warp knit industry is especially innovative with face finishing techniques.

Facing

In sewing and tailoring, facing is a small piece of fabric, separate or a part of the fabric itself, used to finish the fabric edges. Facing makes a garment look professionally finished with the seams well hidden inside the folds of the facing. Facing is mostly used to finish the edges in necklines, armholes, hems and openings. They are also used widely in all other…

Faille

A glossy, soft, finely-ribbed silk-like woven fabric made from cotton, silk, or manufactured fibres. Faille fabric is one of the more substantial silk fabrics where the defined ribs are less prominent than a grosgrain since a faille is of a plain weave. Similar to most silks, this fabric is smooth, lustrous, and easy to drape, but it has an affinity for taking a crease making it a popular…

Fake-Fur

Fake-fur, also called faux fur, is known as pile fabric, which is engineered to have the appearance and warmth of animal fur. It may be woven or knit in a variety of fibres although acrylic and mod-acrylic are most common. Fake-fur is used for all purposes where otherwise real fur (of animal origin) would be used, but also for stuffed animals, fashion accessories and…

Feathers

One of the many soft, light things that cover a bird’s body, consisting of a long, thin, central part with material like hairs along each side. They are flat appendages growing from a bird’s skin that forms its plumage. Feathers consist of a partly hollow horny shaft fringed with vanes of barbs.

Fell

To join two pieces of material with the edges folded together using double-needle stitching. It is sewing a seam by folding one raw edge under the other and sewing flat on the wrong side.

Felpa (plush)

Is a textile having a cut nap or pile the same as fustian or velvet. Its softness gave rise to the adjective “plush” to describe something soft or luxurious, which was extended to describe luxury accommodation, or something rich and full. Originally the pile of plush consisted of mohair or worsted yarn, but now silk by itself or with a…

Felt

A non-woven fabric made from wool, hair, or fur, and sometimes in combination with certain manufactured fibres. The fibres are locked together in a process utilizing heat, moisture, and pressure to form a compact material.

Fiandra

Fiandra is a precious single-colour and dry-hand woven fabric. The name comes from the region of Flanders where it was historically produced with flax of fiandra, the complex processing combined with the precious material made it a luxury product exported throughout Europe. The industrial production with jacquard looms, which has reduced costs, has made it accessible and widespread in every…

Fibre

Fibre is a thin thread of a natural or artificial substance, especially one that is used to make cloth or rope. These are twisted into yarns and then used in the production of a fabric. A particular fibre is a type of cloth or other material that is made from or consists of threads.

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