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Gabardine

Gabardine is a tightly woven, twilled, worsted fabric with a slight diagonal line on the right side. Wool gabardine is known as a year-round fabric for business suiting. Polyester, cotton, rayon, and various blends are also used in making gabardine.

Gauge

Gauge is a measurement most commonly associated with knitting equipment. It can mean the number of needles per inch in a knitting machine. However, in full-fashioned hosiery and sweater machines, the number of needles per 1-1/2 inches represents the gauge.

Gauze

Gauze is a thin, sheer plain-weave fabric made from cotton, wool, silk, rayon, or other manufactured fibers. End-uses include curtains, apparel, trimmings, and surgical dressings. It is a thin, translucent fabric with a loose open weave. This weave structure is used to add stability to fabric, which is important when using fine yarns loosely spaced. However, this weave structure can be used with any weight of yarn,…

Georgette

A sheer lightweight fabric, often made of silk or from such manufactured fibers as polyester, with a crepe surface. End-uses include dresses and blouses.

Geotextiles

Geotextiles are manufactured fiber materials made into a variety of fabric constructions, and used in a variety civil engineering applications. Geotextiles are permeable fabrics which, when used in association with soil, have the ability to separate, filter, reinforce, protect, or drain.

Gimp

Gimp is a twisted silk, worsted, or cotton with cord or wire running through it, used chiefly as upholstery trimming.

Gingham

Gingham is a medium weight, plain weave fabric with a plaid or check pattern. It is made of carded, medium or fine yarns. End-uses include dresses, shirts, and curtains. Gingham is also used as a test fabric while designing fashion or used for making an inexpensive fitting shell prior to making the clothing in fashion fabric.

Glass

Glass is an inorganic fiber which is very strong, but has poor flexibility and poor abrasion resistance. It will not burn and will not conduct electricity. It is impervious to insects, mildew, and sunlight. Today, the primary use of glass fiber is in such industrial applications as insulation or reinforcement of composite structures.

Gobelin

Gobelin is a rich, textured type of hand-stitched tapestry, fit to decorate or cover furniture. The heavy tapestry fabric is thicker than double woven fabrics. The gobelin or double woven fabrics can be used for curtains and upholstery. Goblin takes its name from an ancient tapestry factory. It industrially manufactured with jacquard looms. Reproduces paintings, paintings and floral subjects by…

Gorge

A gorge is the break between the collar and the lapel.

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