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Percale

Percale is a type of plain weave fabric that has a cotton-like appearance. Usually with a medium weight,  it has a count that goes from low to medium (around 180 to 250 threads per square inch). Firm and smooth with no gloss, washes very well, is made from both carded and combed yarns, and can be woven of various fibers (such as cotton, polyester, or various…

Performance Fabrics

Performance Fabrics are all that textiles and fabrics made for a variety of specific end-use applications, which provide functional qualities to a garment, such as moisture management, UV protection, anti-microbial, thermo-regulation, and wind/water resistance. Usually, Performance fabrics are done for technical garments.

Permanent Press (Durable Press)

Permanent Press (Durable Press) are terms used to describe a garment which has been treated to retain its fresh appearance, crease, and shape throughout the life of the garment. Permanent press can be a misleading description, because no finish is completely permanent. Durable press or crease-resistant are the more accepted terms and are the ones approved by the Federal Trade…

Permeability

Permeability is the characteristic of a textile which allows air, gas, water, and water vapor to penetrate and pass through it. Due to water and vapour permeability in a fabric a person feels comfortable wearing it. Air permeability is defined as the rate of air flow passing perpendicular through a known area under a prescribed air pressure differential between the two surfaces of a material.

Perspiration Resistant

Perspiration Resistant is a treatment on a fabric which allows a fabric or a dye to resist perspiration. The garments which come into contact with the body where perspiration is heavy may have high local discoloration. Because of it, were studied tests that determine the resistance of color of dyed textile to the action of acidic and alkaline perspiration in…

Phase Change Materials

Phase Change Materials is a hydrophilic compound applied to a fiber or fabric which results in superior breath-ability and a moisture management system within the fabric that helps to maintain a comfortable body temperature when the garment is worn.

Phthalates

Phthalates are chemicals salts or esters of phthalic acid, toxic for human being. The esters are commonly used as plasticizers to soften polyvinyl chloride (PVC), and increase the flexibility, transparency, durability, and longevity of plastic products. When ingested, phthalates can cause kidney and liver damage. Due to these health concerns, phthalates are now being phased out of many products in…

Pick

Pick is a filling yarn that runs crosswise between selvages in woven at right angles to the warp. Each crosswise length is called a pick. In the weaving process, the filling yarn is carried by the shuttle or other type of yarn carrier. The pick intersects with the warp (or lengthwise yarn) to form a woven cloth.

Pied-de-Poule

Pied-de-Poule (french word meaning literally “foot of a chicken”), even called in English Hounds-tooth, is a two colors textile pattern (usually black and white) characterized by broken checks or abstract four-pointed shapes. The classic hounds-tooth pattern is an example of a tessellation. The traditional Pied-de-Poule check is made with alternating bands of four dark and four light threads in both warp and weft/filling woven…

Pile Fabric

Pile Fabric is a fabric in which certain yarns project from a foundation texture and form a pile on the surface. Pile yarns may be cut or uncut in the fabric. Cut filling-pile fabrics examples should be corduroy, velveteen, chenille and perhaps most commonly, pile carpets.

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