Fur and hair obtained from any of three related species: Russian fitch), Kolinsky mink, Chinese mink (Mustela lutreola), Chinese weasel. Sable pelts are durable. The brown-black pelts have short, fine fur with silky guard hairs. Sable furs from Siberia have been traded since at least the 11th century. Sable was an expensive fur that was worn by nobles and the…


Twill, or saia in Italian, is generally named the fabric that, depending on its construction (weft-warp), produces an effect in crosswise relief. See “twill“


Any heavy, plain-weave canvas fabric, usually made of cotton, linen, polyester, jute, nylon, etc. that is used for sails and apparel (i.e. bottom-weight sportswear).


Fabric that has undergone the Sanforization process. Sanforization is the process of pre-shrinking a fabric so as to limit the residual or further shrinkage of the fabric to less than 1%. This sanforization process involves the stretching of the fabric before it is washed, which helps to prevent shrinkage. Fabric that doesn’t undergo sanforization and is considered raw is likely to…

Saran Fibre

A generic name for manufactured fibres in which the fibre-forming substance is any long-chain synthetic polymer composed of at least 80% by weight of vinylidene chloride units. Saran fibres have good chemical resistance to acids and alkalis and do not lose their strength in sunlight. They are resistant to water and insects. In addition, saran fabrics do not tend to retain dirt and…


Sasawashi is a new fabric woven by twisted Washi yarns that are blended with KUMAZASA. Blending the fibre of Kumazasa with Washi gives it natural antibacterial and deodorant power. WASHI is lint-free, light, highly absorbent and provides good UV protection. Washing durability is on par with cotton and the antibacterial properties can be maintained.


Sateen is a fabric made using a satin weave structure but made with spun yarns instead of filament. The sheen and softer feel of sateen fabric is produced through the satin weave structure. Warp yarns are floated over weft yarns, for example, four over and one under.


A traditional fabric utilizing a satin weave construction to achieve a lustrous fabric surface. The basic type of weave is made up of eight weft threads that are tied down with one floating weft thread. It is light to medium-weight with a glossy face and a dull back. Satin is a traditional fabric for evening and wedding garments. Typical examples…


Saxony fabric is a type of fine, very high-quality wool fabric. The fabric is soft to the touch and medium to heavyweight. This type of wool was initially made in Saxony, Germany.  Now, the term ‘Saxony’ does not refer to wool from a particular area but more so wool from the Merino sheep. It is also used to refer to…

Schiffli Embroidery

Schiffli is a type of lace that is embroidered on using the Schiffli machine; thus giving the work the name ‘Schiffli embroidery’. This machine uses approximately a thousand needles that are placed in horizontal lines, one above the other. The fabric is held against the entire width of the loom and the needles, like the sewing machine, move back and…

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