Describes any textile woven, knitted, or printed in such a way that bands of different colours, evenly or unevenly spaced, appear on the surface of the fabric.


A large-headed piece of metal that pierces and projects from a surface, especially for decoration. A shirt stud can also be a decorative fastener that fits onto a buttonhole on the front of a pleated shirt, or onto the starched bib of a stiff-front shirt. Such shirts have special buttonholes solely for shirt studs.


Textile substrates are formed from yarns or fibre webs by several techniques including weaving, knitting, tufting, and nonwoven formation. In addition, composites of textile substrates are formed by methods such as adhesive bonding, the formation of back coatings on substrates, and flocking. It is a kind of support fabric on which coatings or other fabrics are applied.


Wool, cotton, rayon, synthetic, and blends. Napped on one side to resemble suede leather. Short, close nap gives a soft, smooth hand. When made in cotton, it resembles duvetyn, but heavier.

Super Light Weight

A term used to describe a fabric used in outerwear, which allows for a minimum pack volume and weight. These lightweight, packable garments offer the most versatile weather protection. Some of these fabrics have a protection layer on the membrane, which provides durability. This means that the garments made from the extra lightweight fabrics need no separate lining.


Superfine is a term that can be applied to any cloth type in order to describe its quality. For example, extra refined, as in grain or texture. In historical documents, however, it is frequently used without reference to any particular type of cloth.


A lightweight, lustrous twill weave constructed fabric with a silk-like hand. Surah is the fabric of ties, dresses, and furnishings. It is available in silk, polyester, and rayon.


Fibres manufactured from substances that have been produced or modified by chemical reactions. Artificial fibres were first made in 1842 when molten glass was formed into filaments. By the late 1880s, man-made fabrics were being made from cellulose nitrate and rayon fibres. Current examples include acetate, acrylic, alginic, anidex, aramid, azlon, casein, cupro, nylon, novel id, nytril, modacrylic, modal, olefin,…

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