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Textured Yarns

The yarns that result after undergoing the texturizing process, which can create crimping, looping, and otherwise modify the filament yarn for the purpose of increasing cover, abrasion resistance, insulation, warmth resilience, or moisture absorption, and to provide a different surface texture. When filament yarns are texturized, and then woven or knitted into fabrics, the result is that the finished fabric?s…

Texturizing

A process performed on specialized machinery which creates bulk stretches to the yarn and therefore creates new aesthetics to the finished fabric. It is imparting a particular texture on a piece of fabric in order to make it more attractive.

Thermal Insulation

The ability of a fabric to retain heat. The thermal insulating properties of textile fabrics depend on their thermal conductivity, density, thickness and thermal emission characteristics.

Thermoregulation

The ability to maintain a constant temperature independent of dynamic (changing) environmental conditions. It refers to the maintaining of both the core body temperature and the comfort of the wearer in diverse environments.

Thread Count

Thread count refers to the number of threads in one square inch of fabric. It is the number of ends and picks per inch in a woven cloth; the number of wales and courses per inch in a knit fabric. See “Count of Cloth“.

Ticking

Ticking is a tightly woven, very durable fabric, usually made of cotton and used for covering mattresses, box springs, pillows, and work clothes. It can also be used for containers, sportswear (hickory stripes), and institution fabric. It can be made by using a plain, satin, or twill weave construction. Ticking is a striped cloth, usually white background with blue or…

Tie-Dye

A form of resist dyeing. Items to be dyed are tied or knotted so that the folds of the fabric form barriers to the dye to create patterns or designs on the fabric.

Toggle-Closure

A very popular clasp due to its simplicity in use for the wearer. They consist of a T-bar that is hooked into the other loop part of the clasp. The loop part can come in many shapes from round, square, oval, heart, and many other shapes.

Tow

A large bundle of manufactured filament fibre as they are extruded from the spinnerette, and before they have been cut into staple fibres.

Triacetate

A manufactured fibre produced from cellulose triacetate. Cellulose triacetate was first developed by Schutzenberger in 1865. However, this early acetate was a tough hard plastic that contained high amounts of acids and was only soluble in expensive chlorinated solvents. Thus, cellulose triacetate was not commercially viable until the mid-1950s when economical solvents became available. Triacetate is a durable fibre that…

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