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Wafer

Or called also waffle fabric, is usually made of cotton or microfibre and is woven in a way that makes it very absorbent. The waffle weave also allows air to flow through the fabric so that it dries quickly. Wafer fabrics are made in a range of weights. The surface of the fabric is textured rather like a culinary waffle,…

Waistband (one-piece)

The waistband is a single thickness of fabric that is doubled and stitched to the top of a pant. It can be either elastic or some other confining fabric that encircles the waist.

Waistband (Two-piece)

When two identical pieces of fabric are placed back-to-back at the top of a pant, raw edges turned inside and joined with two widely spaced rows of stitching. the pant body is inserted between and along one edge.

Wales

In a knitted fabric, the series of loops that are formed by a single needle, which runs vertically or lengthwise in a knitted fabric. The series of loops that intermeshes vertically is known as wales.

Warmth to Weight Ratio

A measurement used to evaluate the effectiveness of an insulated product in relation to weather conditions and the environment. The insulation with the best rating is down. Down provides the best warmth to weight ratio over almost any other insulation material, which is why you will see down garments and sleeping bags as the primary choice for use in almost…

Warp

The warp is the set of yarns or other elements stretched in place on a loom before the weft is introduced during the weaving process. It is regarded as the longitudinal set in a finished fabric with two or more sets of elements.

Warp Knit

Is a family of knitting methods in which the yarn zigzags along the length of the fabric; i.e, following adjacent columns, or wales, of knitting, rather than a single row, or course. For comparison, knitting across the width of the fabric is called weft knitting.

Washable

The capability of fabrics being washed without being damaged. Especially by some method, for example, machine-washable. The fabric or garment can be washed without shrinking, fading, or other damage.

Water Based Products and Finishes

Durable water repellent (DWR) is a finish added to fabrics to make them water-resistant. The pores on the water-repellent fabric remain open so it can ‘breathe’. This makes the garments comfortable to wear. These finishes wear off over time, so retreatment (e.g. spray-on products for consumers to use) can be necessary.

Water Repellent

A term applied to fabrics that have been treated with a finish which causes them to shed water but are still air-permeable. These fabrics have been treated with a finish which causes them to shed water and resist water penetration but are still air-permeable. Treatments can include wax coatings, resins, silicones, and fluorine derivatives. Such treatments do not close the…

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