Water Resistant

A degree by which water is able to penetrate a fabric. Not to be confused with the term water-repellent. However, the terms are often used interchangeably.


A corded fabric, usually made from silk or one of the manufactured fibres, which has a distinctive watermarked wavy pattern on the face of the fabric.


A term applied to fabrics whose pores have been closed, and therefore, will not allow water or air to pass through them. These materials are impermeable by water.


The process of forming fabric on a loom by interlacing the warp (lengthwise yarns) and the filling (crosswise yarns) perpendicular to each other. The filling is fed into the goods from cones, filling bobbins or quills, which carry the filling yarns through the shed of the loom. The filling may also be inserted into the material without the use of…


In woven fabric, the filling yarns that run perpendicular to the warp yarns. The weft is threaded through the warp. Because the weft does not have to be stretched on a loom the way the warp is, it can generally be less strong. It is usually made of spun fibre, originally wool, flax and cotton, today often of synthetic fibre such as nylon…

Weft Knit

A type of knitted fabric in which yarns are formed into stitches in widthwise manner. Common examples of weft knits are circular knits and flat knits.

Weight of Cloth

“Weight of Cloth” is a term that describes the variety of ways that fabric is sold: Ounces per linear yard, Yards per pound, and Ounces per square yard.

Welded Shell

A welded shell is the outer layer of a bonded or welded garment, such as a jacket.


Two basic methods for applying bonding or welded seams. The first method uses an adhesive film, and the application of heat to glue or laminate two substrates together. The second method involves gluing or attaching two fabrics, using ultrasonic technology. The creation and channeling of high-frequency vibratory waves cause a rapid buildup of heat in synthetic fabrics to create the…


A strip of material seamed to a pocket opening as a finishing, as well as a strengthening device. A raised or swelled lap or seam. A covered cord or ornamental strip sewed on a border or along a seam. In knitting, it is flat-knitted separately and then joined to the fabric by looping or hand knitting, as the heel to…

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