A bovine animal, Bos grunniens, native to the high plateaus and mountains of central Asia. The yak has long, coarse guard hairs over a downy undercoat of fibres. The coarse fibres are used locally for carpets, blankets, sweaters, and outerwear. The fine down is similar to cashmere and is used for cloth and yarn.


A continuous strand of textile fibres created when a cluster of individual fibres are twisted together. It is a plied strand composed of either natural or man-made fibres or filaments and used in weaving and knitting to form cloth. Long yarns are used to create fabrics using these techniques.

Yoke (self)

The entire back of a garment is one piece and has a single yoke superimposed on the outside. On a shirt, the yoke is usually on the back across the top shoulder area but can also be on the front shoulder to the chest area. On pants, it is generally on the back of jeans-style pants located below the waistband.

Yoke (Two-Piece)

A two-piece yoke refers to a yoke that is split in the middle. The split is sewn together, and the two pieces are arranged at an angle of one another. These identical pieces of fabric are joined to a shortened back piece to produce the total back.

Yokeless Shirt

A shirt without the part of the garment that is fitted around the neck or shoulders and to which the rest of the garment is attached. The front and back of a shirt are joined without a yoke facing.

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