An Environmentally Sustainable Fiber
Lyocell is an amazing eco-friendly fabric that represents a groundbreaking development in environmentally sustainable textiles. It is a natural, man-made fiber made with pulp from sustainable tree farms. Lyocell, also known as Tencel, is a semi-synthetic fabric that is commonly used as a substitute for cotton or silk. This fabric is a form of rayon and is composed primarily of cellulose derived from wood. It is also 100 percent biodegradable and offers a great deal of comfort and variety.
How is Lyocell Made?
Lyocell is made from wood pulp cellulose. It is produced in a solvent spinning process that is not only revolutionary but also organic and sustainable. Within the solvent spinning process used in production, the use of nanotechnology in a closed-loop circuit recovers purifies, and reuses the solvent up to 99.5 percent, yielding very little by-product. This process is environmentally conscious, which is also 100 percent organic since the basis is a natural raw material.
Advantages of Lyocell
Lyocell is economical in its use of energy and natural resources. It is also a very color-rich fabric. The fabric can be dyed to high-quality standards due to the fibers’ high absorbency. It has anti-bacterial properties due to its moisture management. The feel of Lyocell is very similar to rayon and silk. It is soft, breathable, lightweight, and comfortable. It is also extremely smooth and soft and drapes beautifully to flatter every figure. Due to its moisture-wicking abilities and the soft and supple feel against the skin, it is great for sensitive skin. The eco fabric has controllable fibrillation which can be manipulated into everything from suede-like softness to a silk-smooth finish, making it a very versatile fabric. Finally, it is a very durable fabric. It can uphold very well when both dry and wet and is also resistant to wrinkles.
Disadvantages of Lyocell
The main disadvantage is Lyocell is more expensive than most eco fabric alternatives. However, since the difference in price is nearly negligible, some manufacturers still prefer producing cellulose because it is simple and generates very little waste. Also if the wood pulp does not come from sustainable tree farms, there can be a great deal of tree material wasted in the process.
Caring for Lyocell Fabric
Lyocell should be hand washed with cold water or machine washed on a delicate cycle. A gentle detergent should be used and the fabric should be drip-dried. It will shrink about 3 percent on the first wash, however, it will resist shrinking from then on. As too much heat may scorch the fabric, only a warm iron should be used.
Lyocell can be certified as organic under certain circumstances. In order to receive certification, producers must use organic practices to produce trees they use for cellulose. They also must avoid using certain toxic chemicals in the production process. However, unlike rayon the structure of Lyocell isn’t altered by any chemicals, meaning that the cellulose-based fabric that is produced is entirely from cellulose derived from trees.